Teacher Resources


Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Maecenas iaculis cursus felis sit amet accumsan. Sed mattis egestas ultricies. Sed mollis suscipit porttitor. Curabitur mattis dapibus fringilla. Suspendisse mattis sapien a neque tempus a iaculis lacus eleifend. Donec vitae est risus, at ornare ipsum. Quisque quis metus nec dui tincidunt interdum in ac velit. Pellentesque dui erat, volutpat vel egestas quis, molestie vel urna. Sed eu convallis dolor. Proin imperdiet feugiat tellus id semper. Morbi dapibus vulputate ullamcorper. Fusce convallis ultrices nisi non egestas.

Lesson 1: Who are the Inuvialuit

Learning objectives:

Grade 4 to 6 will learn...

  • Location of the ISR/ Inuvialuit land/vocabulary (Inuvialuit, Inuvialuktun, ulu, paul, ____ (sachs), tuktu, Inuk, Aklak)
  • Place names and their meaning associated to the resources and geography in the area

Grade 7 to 10 will learn...

  • Location of the ISR/Inuvialuit land/vocabulary (Inuvialuit, Inuvialuktun, ulu, paul, ____ (sachs), tuktu, Inuk, Aklak)
  • Place names and their meaning associated to the resources and geography in the area
  • About the resources and geography found in each community (what do some communities have that others don’t)/ compare and contrast between communities
Resources and activities:

Map - meaning of community names (ISR Map enlarged coming out of a map of Canada

  • Each community has a meaning to its Inuvialuktun name, named from the resources and geography of the area...
    • Ulukhaktok (Uluqsaqtuuq) - place where they find stones to make ulus
    • Paulatuk (Paulatuuq)- place of soot or coal (paul = soot)
    • Sachs Harbour (Iqal...) - Place across from the mainland ( = )
    • Tuktoyaktuk (Tuktuuyaqtuuq) - Place that looks like a caribou (tuktu = caribou)
    • Inuvik - Place where people live(Inuk = man)
    • Aklavik (Aklarvik)- Place of the Barren Land Grizzly Bear (aklak = grizzly)
  • Comparing/contrasting resources and geography between communities, through photos (printable photos with geographical information on the back or bottom) - driftwood, sod, rocks, river, ocean, pingos, mountains, trees, inuksuks, tundra, etc.

Download Lesson Plan: Lesson 1: Who are the Inuvialuit

Lesson 2: Traditional Inuvialuit Dwellings

Learning objectives:

Grade 4 to 6 will learn...

  • The different seasonal Inuvialuit dwellings (Inuvialuktun names)
    • Differences and Similarities
  • Materials (is there a list?) used to build the dwellings (based on location and resources available) (Chuck’s comment: materials includedriftwood logs, sod, leather thongs, snow, ice for window in roof, caribou skin to cover door)

Grade 7 to 10 will learn...

  • The different seasonal Inuvialuit dwellings (Inuvialuktun names)
  • Materials used to build the dwellings (each location/area had a different resource used for the dwelling)
  • How Inuvialuit were self-sufficient and efficient/ relied on the materials in the area and jobs associated to building/taking care of these dwellings
Resources and activities:

Photo/drawing of the different dwellings with name of the dwelling on the front : igluryuaq, tupiq, iglu, qalurviq, saigu, napaqtaq, kadigi

  • Students make a list of resources used to build the dwellings (their assumptions/ teacher has answers)
  • Using prior knowledge from lesson 1, students try to guess what dwelling was used in which communities, during which season (why were some used during the winter and others year round or just during the summer)?
  • comparing their (student’s) home life to Inuvialuit traditional dwellings.
  • Students discuss the efficiency of these dwellings - comparing them to one another

Download Lesson Plan: Lesson 2: Traditional Inuvialuit dwellings

Lesson 3: Learning about the past

Learning objectives:

Grade 4 to 6 will learn...

  • Ways information is passed on with a focus of the importance of “written” documentation
  • Materials (is there a list?) used to build the dwellings (based on location and resources available)

Grade 7 to 10 will learn...

  • Ways information about the Inuvialuit were passed on with a focus on Archaeology
Resources and activities:

Students brainstorm ways we learn about the past... teacher does three different short activities to demonstrate 3 ways of learning about the past:

  • Telephone activity: everyone sits in a circle, the teacher tells a very short story (that she has pre-written). The first students tells the next student what he/she heard from the teacher and the story continues to be told until the last student tells the story aloud and as a group they all fill in the details that have been excluded, reflecting on “oral storytelling”.
    • Demonstrates that some are good at telling oral stories and some have other strengths
      • Inuvialuit were story tellers - they had to tell their stories accurately as they had no other way to pass on their information.
    • Discussion about having to hear a story over and over in order for it to be more accurate as generations passed
  • Teacher discusses “Writing” and the importance of written stories for passing on information.
  • Archaeology evidence/photo/drawing from digging up a sod house and trying to piece together the shape and interior
    • Students will make guesses as to what some of the things are that archaeologists find - how are they able to determine what took place in these dwellings (fire, sleeping arrangement, food remains, etc.)
    • Students make a list of resources used to build a sod house (their assumptions/ teacher has answers)

Download Lesson Plan: Lesson 3: Learning about the past

Lesson 4: Tools used for building a sod house

Learning objectives:

Grade 4 to 6 will learn...

  • About the traditional Inuvialuit tools used to build a sod house
  • Comparison between traditional tools and similar tools used today to build homes

Grade 7 to 10 will learn...

  • About the traditional Inuvialuit tools used to build a sod house
  • Comparison between traditional tools and similar tools used today to build homes
  • What resource the tools were made from and where Inuvialuit may have found these resources to make the tools (based on prior knowledge about communities and their names associated with resources)
Resources and activities:
  • Tools
    • Picks and mattocks
    • Wsedge
    • Adze
  • Comparison to the tools used in the past (man made) and today to build homes (power tools). What are the advantages/disadvantages for having tools you can carry with you as opposed to power tools you need electricity for?

Download Lesson Plan: Lesson 4: Tools used for building a sod house

Lesson 5: Living in a sod house

Learning objectives:

Grade 4 to 6 will learn...

  • About the different activities that took place inside a sod house (food preparation, sewing, making tools, sleeping, Quliq (watch a video of a quliq being lit)
  • How to perform a drum dance (watch a drum dance (2 songs/dances) and try a drum dance/basic dance) - need to be able to play a song from website and watch a video

Grade 7 to 10 will learn...

  • About the different activities that took place inside a sod house (food preparation, sewing, making tools, sleeping, Quliq (watch a video of a quliq being lit)
  • How to perform a drum dance (watch a drum dance (2 songs/dances) and try a drum dance/basic dance) - need to be able to play a song from website and watch a video
Resources and activities:

Students brainstorm the functions of a sod house (what do they think took place inside a sod house)?

  • What were the different rooms used for?
  • What do students use their home for today/ how are things different, similar?
  • Students think about all the “basic” everyday essentials in their life - then picture what life would be like without a light switch or a fan to cool off in the summer, mosquito repellent in the summer, etc.
  • Students compare a Quliq to a lightbulb (work it takes/energy it requires to function)
  • Students perform a dance (optional part to the lesson) - for entertainment Inuvialuit performed drum dance, often trying to outperform each other using their personal experiences and expressing them in a dance

Download Lesson Plan: Lesson 5: Living in a sod house

Lesson 6: Building a sod house

Learning objectives:

Grade 4 to 6 will learn...

  • About the structure of a sod house by building one

Grade 7 to 10 will learn...

  • About the structure of a sod house by building one
  • The functions of a sod house - what were the roles of the family members
Resources and activities:
  • Learn how sod houses were built by building a model based off of what the website will show
  • Model will be built from (to be determined by trying to build one - or suggestions welcomed) Twigs?
  • Using plastercine or another moulding material, students will build artefacts that may be found inside a sod house (tools, Quliq, sleeping pad, working bench, hearth, midden, etc.)

Download Lesson Plan: Lesson 6: Building a sod house