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Cockney, Bob
I, Nuligak

1966   ‘I, Nuligak’. Translated and edited by Maurice Meteyer. Toronto: Peter Martin Associates, Toronto.

Nuligak (Bob Cockney) was one of the first Inuvialuit to learn to read and to write. He was born about 1895, at a camp near the mouth of the Mackenzie River, and lived until 1966, by which time most Inuvialuit had settled in modern communities. His autobiography, I, Nuligak includes oral histories told by his elders that had never before been recorded in writing.

Franklin, John

1828 Narrative of a Second Expedition to the Shores of the Polar Sea in the years 1825, 1826 an 1827. London: John Murray and Sons (Reprinted 1969 by Greenwood Press, New York and 1970 by Hurtig Publishers, Edmonton).

John Franklin was a British Royal Navy officer and explorer who led three expeditions to the Arctic regions of North America. During his second expedition, in the years 1825 – 1826, he and members of his Expedition documented some of the earliest European encounters with Inuvialuit.

Inuvialuit Final Agreement
Inuvialuit Final Agreement

The Government of Canada and the Inuvialuit signed the "Inuvialuit Final Agreement" on June 5, 1984. It was the first comprehensive land claim agreement north of the 60th parallel and only the second in Canada at that time. The Inuvialuit gained legal control over lands in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region, including ownership of 91,000 square kilometres of land, as well as many rights and responsibilities for protecting and managing the land and wildlife.)

Petitot, Émile
Émile-Fortuné Petitot

1887 Les Grandes Esquimaux. E. Plon, Nourrit et Cie. (Translated and reprinted in 1981 as Among the Chiglit Eskimos. Translation of "Les Grandes Esquimaux", by E. Otto Höhn. Boreal Institute for Northern Studies, Occasional Paper No. 10, 1981.)

Émile-Fortuné Petitot (December 3, 1838-May 13, 1916), was an Oblate missionary who travelled extensively in the Canadian Northwest, and who wrote many articles and books about the aboriginal inhabitants of that region. Les Grandes Esquimaux, translated into English as Among the Chiglit Eskimos, describes his encounters with Inuvialuit in the Anderson River and Mackenzie River areas in the 1860s.

Schwarz, Herbert
Schwarz, Herbert

1970 Elik, and other stories of the MacKenzie Eskimos. Toronto: McLelland and Stuart.

Herbert Schwarz is a medical doctor and author who lived in Tuktoyaktuk in the late 1960s. ‘Elik and Other Stories of MacKenzie Eskimos’ is a compilation of nine stories and one poem told to him by Inuvialuit elders. The stories are illustrated with drawings by Mona Ohoveluk. It also contains photographs and biographical information for each of the storytellers.

Stefansson, Vilhjalmur
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur

1914 The Stefánsson-Anderson Arctic Expedition of the American Museum: Preliminary Ethnological Report. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, 14(1).

Viljhalmur Stefansson was a Canadian anthropologist who participated in several scientific expeditions in the Arctic. From 1908-12 Stefansson and Randolph M. Anderson, a zoologist, co-led an expedition to the western Canadian Arctic,. Stefansson's report on the expedition contains the first detailed anthropological observations of the Inuvialuit.

Whittaker, Charles E.

1937 Arctic Eskimo: A Record of Fifty Years' Experience Among the Eskimo. London: Seely, Service and Co. (Reprint edition in 1976 by AMS Press, Inc., New York)

Reverend Charles E. was an Anglican minister who served as a missionary to the Inuvialiut from 1896-1917. During this time he lived at Kitigaaryuk, Herschel Island and Shingle Point.  Whittaker authored the book “Arctic Eskimo” in 1937 about his time spent in the Canadian Arctic.