Igluryuaq - Sources of Information
In the years 1825 - 1827 the British Royal Navy officer Captain John Franklin led an expedition down the Mackenzie River to the Beaufort Sea. From there, Franklin explored the coast to the west and a separate party under the command of Lieutenant Richardson explored eastward along the coast. At a location he named Atkinson Island Richardson saw 17 sod houses, as well as a festival house - kadjigi. Since it was summer, the sod houses were unoccupied while the people were hunting or fishing at another location .
Reverend Charles E. Whittaker was an Anglican missionary who worked amongst the Inuvialiut between the years 1896 - 1906. His 1937 book, "Arctic Eskimo: A Record of Fifty Years' Experience Among the Eskimo", contains information about a sod house he visited in 1896.
1828 Narrative of a Second Expedition to the Shores of the Polar Sea in the years 1825, 1826 an 1827. London: John Murray and Sons (Reprinted 1969 by Greenwood Press, New York and 1970 by Hurtig Publishers, Edmonton).
John Franklin was a British Royal Navy officer and explorer who led three expeditions to the Arctic regions of North America. During his second expedition, in the years 1825 – 1826, he and members of his Expedition documented some of the earliest European encounters with Inuvialuit.
1887 Les Grandes Esquimaux. E. Plon, Nourrit et Cie. (Translated and reprinted in 1981 as Among the Chiglit Eskimos. Translation of "Les Grandes Esquimaux", by E. Otto Höhn. Boreal Institute for Northern Studies, Occasional Paper No. 10, 1981.)
Émile-Fortuné Petitot (December 3, 1838-May 13, 1916), was an Oblate missionary who travelled extensively in the Canadian Northwest, and who wrote many articles and books about the aboriginal inhabitants of that region. Les Grandes Esquimaux, translated into English as Among the Chiglit Eskimos, describes his encounters with Inuvialuit in the Anderson River and Mackenzie River areas in the 1860s.
Whittaker, Charles E.
1937 Arctic Eskimo: A Record of Fifty Years' Experience Among the Eskimo. London: Seely, Service and Co. (Reprint edition in 1976 by AMS Press, Inc., New York)
Reverend Charles E. was an Anglican minister who served as a missionary to the Inuvialiut from 1896-1917. During this time he lived at Kitigaaryuk, Herschel Island and Shingle Point. Whittaker authored the book “Arctic Eskimo” in 1937 about his time spent in the Canadian Arctic.
1914 The Stefánsson-Anderson Arctic Expedition of the American Museum: Preliminary Ethnological Report. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, 14(1).
Viljhalmur Stefansson was a Canadian anthropologist who participated in several scientific expeditions in the Arctic. From 1908-12 Stefansson and Randolph M. Anderson, a zoologist, co-led an expedition to the western Canadian Arctic,. Stefansson's report on the expedition contains the first detailed anthropological observations of the Inuvialuit.